Pregnancy Calendar Week 14
YOUR PREGNANCY WEEK BY WEEK: WHAT’S HAPPENING IN WEEK 14Your baby is now the size of a lemon and her growth continues at a super speedy rate. Along with your baby, you’re growing and that baby bump of yours is starting to show more. Plus, you’ve probably got some new aches and pains along with a near-constant desire to eat everything in sight. Welcome to your second trimester!Your BodyAt 14 weeks pregnant, your baby is likely giving you some growing pains, and all that growth may be making you feel hungrier than ever.Aches and PainsAs your baby—and your uterus—grow more by the day, you’re probably feeling some common pregnancy pains on the lower sides of your belly. This achiness around your abdomen is known as round ligament pain.Sometimes felt as sharp, jabbing sensations, round ligament pain happens because the thick supporting ligaments surrounding your uterus stretch and become thinner as they adjust to the growing weight of your uterus. One of those ligaments is called the round ligament, which connects the front area of your uterus to your groin. As your uterus grows, the additional weight pulls on the round ligament causing it to become strained.You’ll likely notice round ligament pain come on strong when you make a sudden movement, sneeze, cough, roll over in bed, or when you get up from sitting or lying down.Try these tips to reduce your pain and discomfort:
- Avoid sudden movements that may cause stretching and pain.
- Try this common exercise known to help: Place your hands and knees on the floor and lower your head, keeping your bottom in the air.
- Rest when needed to get some relief.
- Warmth can help, so take a warm bath (not hot) to ease the pain.
- Take pain medication if needed. Ask your doctor if over-the-counter acetaminophen is safe.
If your stomach pains are severe, let your doctor know, particularly if you’re also experiencing potentially serious symptoms like bleeding and vaginal discharge.Increased AppetiteWith morning sickness gone now, or significantly reduced, these days you may have what feels like an insatiable hunger and a constant urge to eat. This, of course, is because your growing baby and body require more nourishment.Even though it’s tempting to rationalize eating double portions of everything since, after all, you are eating for two, that’s not a healthy way to go. Remember, you only need an additional 300-350 calories right now. And you still need to avoid greasy, fatty and sweet foods that don’t provide you or your baby the nutrients you need.Here’s how you can keep your weight on target while calming those seemingly ever-present pregnancy hunger pangs:
- Keep your fridge and pantry stocked with healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, lean meats, nuts and whole grain breads/cereals. When shopping, skip the processed foods, cookies, sweets and other not-good-for-you foods.
- Eat smaller, frequent meals throughout the day to help keep you feeling full.
- Choose foods that are more filling. For instance, opt for a nice bowl of fiber-rich oatmeal with blueberries for breakfast over those oh-so-tempting doughnuts.
- Carry healthy snacks like apples and nuts with you when you’re on the go.
- Go ahead and splurge every so often with a bowl of your favorite ice cream or whatever most pleases your palate.
- Monitor your weight regularly. If you notice you’re gaining too much too soon, cut back on the calories and get back on track.
Your BabyIn the 14th week of pregnancy, if you took a peek inside your womb, here’s how you’d see your little one growing and developing:
- Your baby’s kidneys are working. These little bean-shaped organs inside your baby are up and running now, making urine that she excretes into the amniotic fluid that surrounds her in your womb. Ultrasound exams that are a part of your prenatal care allow your doctor to see your baby’s kidneys to make sure they’re developing properly.
- Your baby’s myelin sheath is starting to develop. Made up of protein and fatty substances, myelin is an insulating layer that forms around our nerves. Right now, your baby’s myelin sheath is developing around all of her neurons. The insulating effect of her myelin sheath serves to increase the rate of transmission of signals along her nerve cells. If myelin is damaged, transmission slows down and this can cause diseases like multiple sclerosis. Myelin develops more rapidly in the third trimester, when you’ll want to increase your intake of fatty acids to aid in myelin production.
- Your baby’s body is covered in lanugo. Right about now your little bundle of joy is keeping her body warm in your womb with lanugo, a very fine and soft layer of body hair. It’s the first hair produced by her hair follicles. Lanugo will cover your baby until she accumulates more baby fat in your 7th or 8th month; this building up of fat will then take over the function of giving her the warmth she needs. Sometimes lanugo is present at birth, but it usually falls away on its own within a few days or weeks.
Diet and Exercise Tips You Should FollowTo keep you and your baby healthy, follow these tips in week 14:
- Eat foods to help baby’s growing bones and muscles. Your baby can move now and her movements require healthy nerves, bones and muscle. Eat cheese, yogurt and milk for healthy bone development. Eat eggs, seafood and meat for healthy muscle development.
- Add low-impact aerobics to your routine. Switch up your exercise regimen from time to time with low-impact aerobics, another great option for pregnant women. Check your gym or community center for classes designed especially for expecting mothers.
Things You Should Do
- Schedule your monthly prenatal doctor visit.
- Buy some comfy maternity clothes.
Words You Should KnowCord Compression: Squeezing of the umbilical cord that leads to a reduction or interruption of blood flow to the baby.Osteoporosis: A disease in which bones become fragile and break more easily because of an excessive loss of their protein and mineral content, particularly calcium.Round Ligament Pain: A common and normal part of pregnancy, this is a sharp pain or jabbing feeling often felt in the lower belly or groin area.Transverse Lie: A horizontal position of the baby in the uterus instead of a vertical one. A transverse lie requires a C-section delivery.