Dr. Mark Gostine, Author at BabyQ

What Changes Should I Expect During My Second Pregnancy?

Posted by | LENS, Stress, Tips | No Comments

Do Second Pregnancies Have Medical Differences? There are a few medical statistics about second pregnancies, and your doctor or midwife will talk with you about those. If you had certain complications such as pre-eclampsia in your first pregnancy, your doctor will be closely watching for those the second time around. However, if your first pregnancy was relatively uncomplicated, the risk of complications overall tends to be lower during a second pregnancy. Additionally, the risk of an early miscarriage falls significantly during second and subsequent pregnancies. If you had a C-section the first time, then you will be discussing with your doctor which type of delivery is advisable for the second birth. Will I Feel Different During My Second Pregnancy? Probably. Each pregnancy is unique, but the majority of women find that second pregnancies have the following characteristics: You may feel more tired. This is most likely due to the fact…

Read More

What Are Skin Tags?

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

Your hormones, estrogen and progesterone, increase greatly during pregnancy.  These hormones help the baby grow and help your body change in ways that will nourish the baby and prepare for delivery. Progesterone and estrogen are in effect, growth hormones.  Other things will grow, your breasts, your abdomen, your hair, but unfortunately if you have a small skin tag it will also then grow as well and become a medium size skin tag.  This is because of your skyrocketing levels of progesterone.  You can have skin tags surgically removed at a dermatology office if you like, but most of them will shrink in size after the delivery, so that is probably not necessary.  If they are getting caught underneath a bra strap and making you uncomfortable, consider having it removed.  Short of that, wait until delivery and let it shrink on its own.

Read More

Leg Cramps

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

Leg cramps can occur during pregnancy, especially while you sleep.  They may be a signal that your body is lacking potassium or calcium.  Drink plenty of milk, eat dairy products like yogurt and cheese, and enjoy multiple fruits and vegetables.   Also, leg cramps at night are common because of sleep position.  If you sleep on your back, the covers may pull your toes down and in this position your calves will cramp.  Make sure you sleep on your left side.  If your legs cramp during the day, try some gentle stretching exercises.  Also, walking 30 to 40 minutes a day helps strengthen your legs.  As your muscles get stronger, they will cramp less readily.

Read More

Headaches

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

Up to about 10% of women will experience headaches during your first trimester of pregnancy.  This is because your hormones are changing rapidly and your body is adapting.  Hormones have a definite impact on our headache frequency and severity.  For most pregnant women, headaches go away after the first trimester when their body has adapted to the hormonal changes.  Many women with chronic migraines report that their headaches actually improve during pregnancy, and again it’s the hormones. Progesterone is a protective hormone and it’s like a tonic for your brain.  It’s soothing and calming.  If you experience headaches, try to avoid taking any drugs, either over the counter, or prescription medications.  Stay well hydrated, drink plenty of water.  Make sure you’re not hypoglycemic, eat regularly and keep your diet well balanced by including adequate fruits and vegetables and high quality protein.  Try to avoid sugary snacks that make your blood…

Read More

Pain with Sex

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

As your body prepares for the baby’s passage through the birth canal, your vagina and pelvis become swollen with blood and fluid.  This cushions the baby’s passage through the birth canal and helps protect you as well.  However, genital and cervical swelling can make these areas more sensitive and some women experience pain with sex.  Other women find intercourse more enjoyable, and your partner or husband may as well.   In that case enjoy the pleasure and intimacy of sex.  If however, intercourse becomes painful, explore additional ways to satisfy each other, not only for your own physical pleasure, but for the intimacy and emotional support sex provides.  This will be a source of comfort for you and your baby during the nine months of pregnancy.

Read More

Intestinal Bloating

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

We know hormones have a profound influence on the gastrointestinal tract.  Even women who are not pregnant notice changes in frequency of bowel disorders around the time of their periods.  Progesterone, the primary hormone in pregnancy relaxes the muscles lining the digestive tract.  This makes gas and bloating more common.  Also, as your uterus enlarges more pressure is placed on your intestines.  Drinking lots of water will help you have regular bowel movements and this can decrease gas and bloating.  Also, a higher fiber diet may be helpful.  This will also lead to increase bowel movement frequency.  Probiotics, the beneficial bacteria found in yogurt, have a very positive effect on your GI tract. They can help prevent diarrhea, constipation and heartburn.  We recommend eating yogurt regularly throughout your pregnancy.

Read More

Pregnancy Mask

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

Pregnancy hormones bring many changes to your body, including changes to skin appearance.  A combination of hormonal influences and changes in your body’s immune system can darken certain areas of your skin.  Your breast nipple and the aureola surrounding it become darker.  You can get a line of pigmented skin extending from your belly button to your pubic area that becomes dark.  This is called “linea nigra”.  You can also develop what is termed the “Pregnancy Mask”.   This is almost a butterfly darkening of the skin in your cheeks and across the nose.  We are not sure why this occurs, but some women also experience it on the birth control pill.  So it is clearly related to the hormones.  It is not unattractive, merely a sign of your fertility.  Enjoy your new appearance.

Read More

Anxiety

Posted by | Symptoms & Remedies | No Comments

Anxiety can be increased by the changes in hormones that effect your emotions.  It can also be influenced by your social circumstances.  Women with less social and partner support, tend to be more anxious about the future.  About 5% of women report anxiety during the pregnancy. The best ways to cope are exercise, talking with friends and loved ones, making sure you get restful sleep every night. Healthy diet also keeps you on an even keel.  Make sure you take adequate Vitamin D; we recommend 2,000 units a day during pregnancy.  DHA, a fatty acid in fish oil will help you stay calm and nourish your baby’s developing brain. Most prenatal vitamins now contain DHA.  If yours does not, look for one that does or take a high quality fish oil pill that states it has been molecularly distilled to remove impurities.

Read More
What to look for in your ob-gyn?

3 Things You Should Do When You Learn You Are Pregnant

Posted by | Lifestyle, Pregnancy Health | No Comments

What is the First Thing to do When You Find Out You Are Pregnant? You have to begin thinking about how to prepare your body so that your baby can properly grow and develop. If aren’t eating a healthy diet, now is the time to start. Here are some important pregnancy facts about your diet: Make sure you have a varied diet so that you will be able to give your baby all of the nutrients he or she needs to develop. Consume a minimum of three servings daily of foods rich in iron, like red meat. Pregnant women need 100 mg of vitamin C daily, so be sure to include orange or grapefruit juice, broccoli, cauliflower, green peppers and Brussel sprouts in your diet. Getting a minimum of 0.4 milligrams of folic acid daily will help prevent birth defects, so eat plenty of green leafy vegetables and legumes, like…

Read More
Does a mother's due date change?

Should I Be Worried That I’m Past My Due Date?

Posted by | LENS, Lifestyle, Pregnancy Health, Stress | No Comments

How is My Due Date Calculated?  The most common way to calculate the date of delivery is Naegele’s Rule, a formula named after the German obstetrician Franz Karl Naegele who created it. Your ob-gyn doctor will ask you for the first day of your last period. He or she then adds nine months and seven days to that date. The end result is a due date about 280 days from the start of your last period. While this may be a simple way to calculate a due date, there are some problems with it. The accuracy of this method depends on: Your ability to correctly remember the first day of your last period You having regular menstrual cycles You not experiencing early bleeding that was not really the start of your cycle Your use of oral contraceptives, which could affect the timing of ovulation Another issue with this formula is…

Read More